There is a beautiful juxtaposition of ancient and recent history in modern Hue. In every facade of society the eventful past has left its mark. Issues like national identity, international relations or politics are tinged with the History of Hue. In the city's landscape every sign is worth a question.
Ancient and recent history coexist in modern Hue. History left its mark in the city's landscape and every sign is worth a question or a reflection about politics, national identity and international relations.
After the region was part of the Nam Viet Empire before Christ and under the kingdom of Champa for seventeen centuries, in the 1300's the king of Champa gave the region to the Vietnamese. Hue was the capital of the Nguyen dinasty in the 19th century (the most beautiful buildings in the city included the Citadel are from this period). The region was under French protectorate since 1883.
In 1945, Hue was the center of the August Revolution when Communist and National forces overthrew the last Nguyen king. As part of South Vietnam after the division of the country and due its strategic position, Hue was a central battleground during Vietnam War (the marks can be seen today in the historical buildings and temples, many of which were seriously damaged by the bombing).
The city was the center of the fierce figthing between American, South and North Vietnamese troops during the Tet offensive. The Northerner' Army attacked Hue right on Vietnamese New Year Eve, thousand of civiliation were killed and now, if you visit Hue on Vietnamese New Year, you'll see most of Hue's family will have remember anniversary of their loves one who died on Tet 1968.
ies and challenges in its cause of national construction, economic development, reform, and integration within the region as well as the world.
Before the birth of Christ, this region was part of the Nam Viet Empire. At that time it was under the realm of Champa which had reigned over this territory for seventeen centuries. In the 1300's the King of Champa handed the region over to the Vietnamese. The name Hue originated from the mispronunciation of the term Hoa, came into being in 1307, after the Champa King Jaya Sinhavarman III had handed over this city to Vietnam for getting married to a princess of the Tran dynasty.
In the year 1687 Hue region was chosen by an Nguyen Lord to be the political center of Dang Trong. This political center was then turned to be the Capital of the whole country by the Tay Son dynasty.
In the 19th century, Hue was the capital of the Nguyen dynasty. This period has produced some of the most beautiful buildings in the city including the Citadel. Since 1883, the region was under French colony. At the beginning of the 19th century, Gia Long, the first Emperor of the Nguyen dynasty, carried out a large scale planning and new construction, making Hue the Capital of the whole country.
Proceeding towards the modern times, in 1945, Hue emerged as the center of the August Revolution. During this time Communist and National forces dethroned the last Nguyen king. After the division of the country, due to its strategic position, Hue, as part of South Vietnam, was the central battleground during Vietnam War. The signs of the devastating war can be seen today in the historical buildings and temples, many of which were seriously damaged by the bombing.